Jul 25, 2018· Block caving is a new alternative method of developing new mines or extending the operation of open pits. Block caving is an underground hard rock mining method that involves undermining an ore body, allowing it to progressively collapse under its own weight. It is the underground version of open pit mining.
Jun 15, 2018· 7. Sublevel caving. Sublevel caving is a method often evaluated in parallel with block and/or panel caving options. It requires multiple levels of development and ongoing ring blasting for production. Sublevel caving allows for a more selective extraction but typically achieves lower production rates than block and panel caving methods.
Sub-Level Caving Subsidence reaches surface at the Ridgeway underground mine. Using this method, mining is planned to extract rock from the stopes without filling the voids; this allows the wall rocks to cave in to the extracted stope after all the ore has been removed.
Monitoring system for observations of rock mass deformations caused by sublevel caving mining system. After modifying the mining sequence at Turmalina, while maintaining the sublevel stoping mining method, dilution has diminished significantly and run …
This method is usually considered as an alternate to sublevel caving when a lower dilution method is needed and where the rock is fairly competent. The production for a mine using sublevel stoping can range from 15- 40 tons/employee-shift, while one stope can produce greater than 25000 tons per month.
In mining: Sublevel caving. This method owes the first part of its name to the fact that work is carried out on many intermediate levels (that is, sublevels) between the main levels. The second half of the name derives from the caving of the hanging wall and… Read More
An overview of a wireless blasting system for use in sublevel caving operations that significantly reduces the risk posed to mine workers. S ublevel cave (SLC) mining is breaking ore-bearing rock through blasting and drawing it out under the waste rock that is caving into the void created. SLC mines have the most intensive blasting process of all the mining methods, as generally one or two ...
The first section gives an overview of underg round mining methods and practices as used commonly in underground mines, including classification of underground mining methods and brief explanations of the techniques of room-and-pillar mining, sublevel stoping, cut-and-fill, longwall mining, sublevel caving, and block caving. The second
Oct 23, 2014· Caving Underground Mining Methods (longwall, Sublevel caving, & Block caving) 1. This material is intended for use in lectures, presentations and as handouts to students, and is provided in Power point format so as to allow customization for the individual needs of course instructors.
Sublevel caving (SLC) is a mass mining method based upon the utilisation of gravity ﬂow of blasted ore and caved waste rock . The method functions on the principle that ore is fragmented by blasting, while the overlying host rock fractures and caves under the action of …
Sublevel caving is a large-scale mining method, suitable for large ore bodies with a steep dip. The setup is similar to long-hole stoping except loft raises are not required. Also, mining starts at the top of the ore body and progresses downwards in a safe sequence.
Block Caving . Block caving is large-scale mining method that allows for huge volumes of rock to be extracted efficiently. However, the development time before production starts is longer compared to other mining methods. By drawing rock from the extraction level …
Mar 22, 2007· - Sublevel Caving Mining Method - Duration: ... Mining Methods - Block Caving - Educational 3D Animated Video - Duration: 0:49. ImageMaker Advertising, Inc. 4,972 views.
Block Caving. Block caving is essentially the underground version of open-pit mining. It’s the only underground mining method that can reach similar production rates to surface mining operations, up to over 100,000 tonnes per day. The method involves undermining an ore body, then allowing it to collapse under its own weight.
This characteristic interplay of forces can create suitable conditions for sublevel caving even at greater mining depths below ground level. The formulae quoted above for the approximate calculation of the parameters of sublevel caving or front caving can be applied for mining descending from foot wall to hanging or vice versa.
Sub-level caving also allows for a slightly more selective extraction of the orebody than is attainable through block or panel caving. Production rates achieved in sub-level caving operations are typically lower than for block caves but higher than for stoping methods.” CAVING requIremeNts Caving is a non-selective, bulk mining method.
Caving Methods of Mining. There are three distinctive methods of working large deposits that involve, in some way, the factor of caving. Slightly different names are in use, but those that are simple as well as descriptive are top slicing, sublevel caving, and block caving.
Mining Methods. Block Caving; Open Pit Mining; Stoping; Sub-level Caving; Surface Mining; Underground Coal; Case Studies; Contact; Schedule Demo. Sub-level Caving Industry leading optimisation tools for sub-level caving mining operations. Improve Profit by 20%. Increase profit by 10% to 20% over your current mining operations.
Oct 02, 2013· Sub-level caving is a highly efficient, top-down, underground bulk mining method. Recent developments in sub-level cave mining have advanced the understanding of the technique and its production performance, which allow it to now be considered as a highly viable alternative to open stoping and, in some cases, even to block caving.
The cave mining method is proposed for Finsch Block 5 by detailing the findings of modelling and design work. There are three mining methods which are the most applicable to the Finsch Block 5 orebody:-Sublevel caving (SLC)-Block caving (BC)-Front caving (FC).
Stull stoping is a form of stoping used in hardrock mining that uses systematic or random timbering ("stulls") placed between the foot and hanging wall of the vein. The method requires that the hanging wall and often the footwall be of competent rock as the stulls provide the only artificial support.
Caving (i.e., Sublevel and Block) mining methods are v aried and versatile an d involve ca ving the ore and/ or the overlying rock. Sub sidence of the surface normally occu rs afterwar d.
Jun 14, 2019· There are several variants of the sublevel caving mining method among which variant applied in Kiruna mine in Sweden is best known. This mining method can be applied to numerous types of ore bodies with inclination from horizontal to vertical. If ore body is narrow its inclination should be steep in order to apply the method.
Underground Mining Methods presents the latest principles and techniques in use today. Reflecting the international and diverse nature of the industry, a series of mining case studies is presented covering the commodity range from iron ore to diamonds extracted by operations located in all corners of the world. Industry experts have contributed 77 chapters.
Mar 15, 2017· SME Mining Engineering Handbook (2011) Edited by Peter Darling Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration Book; Block-caving copper mining methods and costs at the Miami mine, Miami Copper Company, Gila County, Arizona (1965) Hardwick, W. R. U.S. Dept. of …
The main advantage of this method is that Sublevel Caving is a low cost method so it means that the company saves money for the operation and can patch our main >>Chat Online; sublevel caving method cost estimation pdf - BINQ Mining
Mining by Sublevel Caving. In sublevel caving, relatively thin blocks of ore are caused to cave by successively undermining small panels. The ore body is developed by a series of sublevels usually spaced at vertical intervals of 18 to 25 or 30 feet (more recently, intervals of 50 feet or more have been
Sublevel Caving . Sublevel Caving is one of many different methods for underground hard rock mining. It is a large-scale mining method suitable for large ore bodies with a steep dip and a rock mass with a host rock in the hanging wall will fracture under controlled conditions.
A mining method involving overhand, underhand, and shrinkage stoping. Its characteristic feature is the use of sublevels. The sublevels are worked simultaneously, the lowest on a given block being farthest advanced and the subs above following one another at short intervals. The uppermost sublevel underneath the cover is partly caved.
Sublevel Caving Technique - Free download as PDF File (.pdf) or read online for free. An underground mining method used in large, steeply dipping orebodies where the wall rock is of an incompetent nature. Parallel drives are developed in the ore on equally spaced levels. The ore is then drilled and blasted using longholes between levels, often in a circular or fan pattern, on retreat.